The influence of Daguerreotype on the art of portraiture
Since the late Renaissance, artists and inventors had been looking for a mechanical
method to capture visual scenes. From this time on it had been known what a camera
obscura could do, but the real breakthrough in the direction of experimenting photography
came around 1802 with the observation that certain chemicals were light sensitive.
In 1839, it finally was Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre (1787-1851), an academically
trained French painter, who at the ‘Académie Française’ in Paris, announced his methods
of fixing images on a mirrored metal plate, and by this his production of one-of
images. His daguerreotypes were seen as ‘mirrors with a memory’. Daguerreotypes today
still can be seen as small prodigies of nature and present us with a visual experience
that is quite unique.
The forthcoming exhibition focuses on several daguerreotypes and describes its technique
and its influence on the art of portraiture.
Carte-de-Visite (Albumen print, ca. 1890) of Dirk Berkouwer (1860-1946)